Aloo Bhorta Recipe | Indian Mashed Potato

5 from 2 votes
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Aloo Bhorta is a traditional Bengali dish that has captivated taste buds with its unique blend of flavors and textures.

This humble yet immensely satisfying dish originated in the region of Bengal, known for its rich culinary heritage.

Bhorta, in Bengali, means “mashed,” and that’s precisely what this dish is all about.

The star ingredient, “Aloo” (potatoes), is cooked to perfection and then mashed, creating a deliciously creamy base that serves as a canvas for a medley of spices and seasonings.

Aloo Bhorta Image

Key Takeaways:

  • Aloo Bhorta is a traditional Bengali dish known for its unique blend of flavors and textures.
  • The dish originated in the Bengal region, famous for its rich culinary heritage.
  • “Bhorta” means “mashed,” and Aloo Bhorta features mashed potatoes as the star ingredient.
  • The dish incorporates a medley of spices and seasonings, including fiery green chilies and aromatic mustard oil.
  • Aloo Bhorta is a versatile dish that can be served as a comforting side dish or a standalone delicacy with rice or flatbreads.

The Ingredients

Aloo Bhorta Ingredients

  • Potato or aloo: 400 gm (cleaned & boiled)
  • Onion: 1 big size (chopped)
  • Salt: as per taste
  • Posto or poppy seeds: 1 tbsp
  • Green chilis: 5 pieces (chopped)
  • Dry red chili: 2 pieces
  • Mustard oil: 2 tbsp

How to Make Aloo Bhorta (Step by Step Images)?

1. Peel the boiled potatoes one by one.

Peeling the boiled potatoes

2. Add them all to a mixing bowl. Use a masher to thoroughly mash the potatoes until there are no lumps left.

(Expert tip: If you don’t have a masher, you can use your hand or a fork to smash them.)

Mashing the boiled potatoes

3. Heat a wok and add 2 tbsp of oil to it. When the oil is hot, add the dry red chilies and sauté them. Once done, take them out of the wok and keep them aside.

Adding oil and fry dried red chili

4. Now, add the chopped onions to the wok and sauté them lightly for 2 minutes. Add the chopped green chilies and continue sautéing.

(Expert tip: You can adjust the amount of chilies according to your preference for spiciness.)

Sautéing chopped onions and green chilies

5. Add posto or poppy seeds to the wok and sauté them for 30 seconds on medium heat.

(Expert tip: This step is optional.)

Adding poppy seeds and sautéing

6. Add the mashed potatoes to the wok and mix everything evenly. Add ½ tbsp of salt. Continue mixing everything for 2 minutes to allow the mixture to get a little bit fried.

(Expert tip: You can adjust the amount of salt according to your taste.)

Adding mashed potatoes and salt and mixing

7. Now, take the fried red chilis, remove the pedicle, and add a pinch of salt. Use some oil on your palm and fingers to smash the chilies.

(Expert tip: Frying the chilies with the pedicle will keep them crisp for a longer time. Greasing your fingers with oil before mixing the chilis will prevent it from any inflammation.)

Smashing fried red chillies with salt

8. Add the smashed red chilies to the boiled potato mixture. Mix everything very nicely and turn off the flame.

(Expert tip: The dry red chilies will give a nice aroma and enhance the taste, but this step is optional depending on your preference.)

Adding the smashed red chilies to the boiled potato mixture

9. Aloo Bhorta is ready. Transfer it to a bowl and enjoy!

Aloo Bhorta is ready

Pro Tips for Making Best Aloo Bhorta

Choose the Right Potatoes: Opt for starchy potatoes like Russet or Yukon Gold, as they yield a creamier texture when mashed. Avoid waxy potatoes, as they might not mash as smoothly.

Boiling Potatoes: Cook the potatoes until they are fork-tender but not overcooked. Overboiling can make them too mushy and affect the final texture of the dish.

Mashing Technique: For a rustic and textured Aloo Bhorta, use a traditional wooden masher or a fork instead of an electric blender. A gentle hand while mashing will prevent the potatoes from becoming gluey.

Mustard Oil Magic: Authentic Bengali Aloo Bhorta relies on the pungent aroma of mustard oil. Heat the mustard oil until it smokes, then saute chopped onions, chilies, and poppy seeds before adding it to the mashed potatoes. This process enhances the flavor and eliminates the bitterness of raw mustard oil.

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Balancing Spices: Adjust the amount of green chilies and other spices according to your preference for heat. Remember, the spice level should complement the dish, not overpower it.

Roasted Garlic (Optional): For an extra layer of flavor, roast garlic cloves in the oven or on the stovetop until soft and golden. Add the roasted garlic to the mashed potatoes for a mild, caramelized taste.

Onion Infusion: If you enjoy the sweetness of onions, try adding finely chopped red or white onions. Soaking them in cold water for 10 minutes before use can reduce their sharpness and enhance their flavor.

Herb Infusion (Optional): Fresh cilantro or coriander leaves can add a burst of freshness to the dish. Chop them finely and sprinkle over the Aloo Bhorta just before serving.

Ghee or Butter Addition: To enrich the taste, mix in a little ghee or unsalted butter after mashing the potatoes. This step enhances the creaminess and brings a delightful richness to the dish.

Experiment with Additions: Feel free to experiment with additional ingredients like roasted eggplant, boiled green peas, or pan-fried fish to create unique variations of Aloo Bhorta.

Serve it Hot: Aloo Bhorta is best enjoyed when served warm. The flavors intensify as it sits, so try to serve it immediately after preparation.

With these pro tips, you’re all set to create an enticing plate of Aloo Bhorta that will captivate your taste buds and bring the flavors of Bengal straight to your dining table.

What to Serve with Aloo Bhorta?

Aloo Bhorta is a versatile dish that pairs well with various accompaniments, creating a balanced and satisfying meal. Here are some traditional and popular options to serve with Aloo Bhorta:

Steamed Rice: Aloo Bhorta goes exceptionally well with plain steamed rice. The creamy texture of the mashed potatoes complements the fluffy rice, creating a comforting and hearty meal.

Roti or Paratha: Enjoy Aloo Bhorta with Indian flatbreads like roti or paratha. The soft, chewy bread is a perfect vehicle to scoop up the flavorful potato mash.

Puri: Bengali-style puris, deep-fried puffed bread, are also an excellent choice to accompany Aloo Bhorta. The combination offers a delightful contrast of textures.

Luchi: Luchi, a deep-fried and slightly thicker version of puri, can also be served with Aloo Bhorta for a special treat.

Khichuri: For a comforting and soulful meal, serve Aloo Bhorta with Bengali-style khichuri (a one-pot dish of rice and lentils). The combination is hearty and comforting.

Fried Fish: In traditional Bengali cuisine, Aloo Bhorta is often served with fried fish (like Rui or Katla). The spicy fish pairs wonderfully with the creamy potato mash.

Remember, the beauty of Aloo Bhorta lies in its versatility, so don’t hesitate to mix and match these accompaniments based on your preferences and the occasion.

Whether you prefer a traditional Bengali spread or want to explore new flavor combinations, Aloo Bhorta is sure to shine and elevate your meal to a whole new level of deliciousness.

How Does Aloo Bhorta Taste?

Aloo Bhorta Taste

Aloo Bhorta has a delightful and unique taste that is sure to tantalize your taste buds. The flavor profile can be described as follows:

Creamy: The mashed potatoes form the base of Aloo Bhorta, giving it a creamy and smooth texture that feels comforting and indulgent.

Spicy: Aloo Bhorta is typically spiced with green chilies, which provide a kick of heat and add a zesty element to the dish. The level of spiciness can be adjusted according to personal preference.

Pungent: The use of mustard oil in the preparation gives the dish a pungent and distinct aroma, which is characteristic of many Bengali dishes. The strong mustard flavor adds depth and richness to the overall taste.

Savory: The combination of spices, garlic, and onions imparts a savory and umami flavor that complements the mild sweetness of the potatoes.

Herbal: Adding fresh cilantro or coriander leaves to garnish the dish adds a fresh and herbaceous note to the overall taste.

Comforting: Aloo Bhorta is a comfort food that exudes warmth and a sense of home-cooked goodness, making it a favorite in many Bengali households.

Balanced: When prepared with care, Aloo Bhorta strikes a perfect balance between the creaminess of the mashed potatoes, the heat from the chilies, the pungency of mustard oil, and the aromatic spices, creating a harmonious symphony of flavors.

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The dish’s taste can vary slightly based on the specific regional or personal variations, but the core elements of creaminess, spiciness, pungency, and savory goodness remain consistent.

Overall, Aloo Bhorta is a delightful fusion of flavors that makes it a beloved dish in Bengali cuisine and a delightful addition to any meal.

Aloo Bhorta Alternatives

If you enjoy the concept of “bhorta” (mashed dishes) and are looking for alternatives that include bhorta but use different main ingredients, here are a few options:

Chingri Bhorta: This is a Bengali delicacy made with mashed shrimp. The shrimp is cooked, mashed, and then blended with spices, green chilies, and mustard oil to create a flavorful and spicy shrimp bhorta.

Kacha Kola Bhorta: Kacha Kola refers to raw plantains in Bengali. For this bhorta, raw plantains are roasted or boiled, mashed, and mixed with mustard oil, green chilies, and spices. It has a unique taste and is popular as a side dish.

Kumro Bhorta: Kumro is pumpkin in Bengali, and this bhorta features roasted or boiled pumpkin mashed with spices, garlic, and mustard oil. It’s a comforting and flavorful vegetarian option.

Tomato Bhorta: This vegetarian bhorta is made with roasted or boiled tomatoes, mashed and mixed with onions, green chilies, mustard oil, and spices. It offers a tangy twist to the traditional bhorta concept.

Baingan Bhorta: Baingan refers to eggplants that are not the small Indian variety but the larger globe eggplants. Roasted or grilled, mashed, and mixed with spices and mustard oil, this bhorta is a delicious eggplant option.

Shutki Bhorta: For a bold and distinctive flavor, Shutki Bhorta is made with dried fish (usually Hilsa or another fish variety). The fish is cooked, mashed, and combined with spices and mustard oil for an intense and traditional Bengali dish.

These alternatives offer a wide range of flavors, and each showcases the unique bhorta-style preparation with different main ingredients.

They can be served with rice, flatbreads, or as a side dish to add variety to your meals. Enjoy exploring these bhorta alternatives and discover the diverse culinary delights of Bengali cuisine!

Recipe Card:

Aloo Bhorta Featured Image

Aloo Bhorta (Indian Mashed Potato)

By Mita Mondal
Aloo Bhorta is a popular traditional Bengali dish. "Aloo" means potatoes, and "Bhorta" refers to mashed. Therefore, Aloo Bhorta can be described as a flavorful and spicy mashed potato dish.
5 from 2 votes
Prep Time 15 minutes
Cook Time 10 minutes
Total Time 25 minutes
Course Dinner, Lunch, Main Course
Cuisine Indian
Servings 4
Calories 164 kcal


  • 400 grams Potato (cleaned & boiled)
  • 1 piece Onion (chopped)
  • 1 tablespoon Poppy seeds
  • 5 pieces Green chili (chopped)
  • 2 pieces Dry red chili
  • 2 tablespoon Mustard oil


  • In a mixing bowl, place the boiled potatoes one by one and use a masher to mash them thoroughly until you achieve a smooth texture without any lumps. If a masher is unavailable, you can use your hand or a fork to smash the potatoes effectively.
  • Heat a wok and add 2 tbsp of oil, preferably mustard oil. Once the oil is hot, add the dry red chilies and sauté them until they release their aroma. Remove the fried chilies from the wok and set them aside.
  • In the same wok, add the finely chopped onions and sauté them lightly for about 2 minutes until they become translucent. Now, add the finely chopped green chilies and continue sautéing.
  • Optional step: Add posto or poppy seeds to the wok and sauté them for 30 seconds on medium heat. This step can be skipped if you prefer not to include poppy seeds.
  • Now, add the mashed potatoes to the wok and mix everything evenly. Add ½ tbsp of salt (or adjust according to your taste). Continue stirring and frying the mixture for about 2 minutes to enhance the flavors.
  • Take the fried red chilies, remove the pedicle, and add a pinch of salt to them. Using a little oil on your palm and fingers, gently crush the chilies to release their flavor into the dish.
  • Incorporate the smashed red chilies into the boiled potato mixture and mix everything thoroughly. Then, turn off the flame.
  • Optional step: The addition of dry red chilies will impart a delightful aroma and enhance the taste of the Aloo Bhorta. However, you can skip this step if you prefer a milder flavor.
  • Your delicious Aloo Bhorta is now ready to be enjoyed! Transfer it to a serving bowl and savor the mouthwatering flavors of this traditional Bengali dish.


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Potato Varieties: Choose starchy potatoes like Russet or Yukon Gold for the best results. These types of potatoes have a fluffy texture when boiled, making them perfect for mashing.
Boiling Potatoes: Boil the potatoes until they are fully cooked and soft. You can check their doneness by inserting a fork or knife; it should easily slide through the potato. Overcooking the potatoes can result in a mushy texture.
Mashing Consistency: Aim for a smooth and creamy texture while mashing the potatoes. Make sure there are no lumps left to achieve a velvety consistency.
Adjusting Spice Level: Aloo Bhorta is known for its spiciness. However, you can control the heat by adjusting the number of green chilies and dry red chilies. If you prefer a milder taste, reduce the quantity of chilies accordingly.
Mustard Oil: Traditional Aloo Bhorta uses mustard oil for its unique flavor. If you are new to mustard oil, start with a smaller quantity as it has a strong taste. You can gradually increase it as you acquire a taste for it. Alternatively, you can use vegetable oil or any other cooking oil of your choice.
Poppy Seeds (Posto): The use of posto (poppy seeds) adds a distinct flavor to the dish. If you want to experience the authentic taste, include them. However, if poppy seeds are unavailable or restricted in your region, you can omit them without compromising the overall taste.
Additional Ingredients: While the core of Aloo Bhorta is mashed potatoes, onions, and chilies, feel free to add your favorite ingredients to enhance the flavor. Some people like to include crushed garlic, grated coconut, roasted mustard seeds, or chopped cilantro for added taste and texture.
Texture Preference: The dish can be made with a smooth or slightly coarse texture, depending on personal preference. Some people prefer a chunkier texture by mashing the potatoes with a fork or leaving small potato chunks in the mixture.
Serving Suggestions: Aloo Bhorta is typically served as a side dish with rice or as part of a traditional Bengali meal. It pairs well with dal (lentil soup), fried fish, or any other main dishes. Enjoy it with some plain yogurt or a side of pickles to complement the flavors.
Storage: Aloo Bhorta is best enjoyed fresh. However, if you have leftovers, store them in an airtight container in the refrigerator for up to 2 days. Reheat it in a microwave or a pan on the stovetop before serving.

Nutrition Info (Estimation Only)

Nutrition Facts
Aloo Bhorta (Indian Mashed Potato)
Amount per Serving
Calories from Fat 72
% Daily Value*
Saturated Fat
Polyunsaturated Fat
Monounsaturated Fat
Vitamin A
Vitamin C
* Percent Daily Values are based on a 2000 calorie diet.
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Aloo Bhorta, also known as Indian smashed potato, is a very common side dish in Indian cuisine.

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This preparation can be done in various ways, and this recipe offers a delightful mix of flavors and textures.

By mashing the potatoes thoroughly and adding sautéed chilis, onions, and optional poppy seeds, the dish becomes a delectable treat.

Enjoy this dish with steamed rice and a bowl of hot dal.

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